相邻体积单位间的进率(1)

相邻体积单位间的进率(1

教学内容:苏教版义务教育教科书第19页例12、“练一练”、练习四第9~14题。

教学目标:

1.使学生经历1立方分米=1000立方厘米、1立方米=1000立方分米的推导过程,明白相邻的两个体积单位之间的进率是1000的道理。

2.会应用对比的方法,记忆并区分长度单位、面积单位和体积单位,掌握它们相邻两个单位间的进率。

3.会正确应用体积单位间的进率进行名数的变换,并解决一些简单的实际问题。

教学重点与难点:

根据进率进行相邻体积单位的换算。

教具:课件棱长是1分米的正方体纸盒

教学过程:

一、复习导入

提问:1平方分米等于多少平方厘米?想想是怎么推导出来的?请画在边长是1分米的正方形纸上.”

学生6人一组,回忆并再次经历1平方分米=100平方厘米的推导过程.

2)展示学生的推导过程,可请12名学生代表他们的小组上台述说,并将1平方分米=100平方厘米的示意图──将边长1分米的正方体纸盒画上100个边长是1厘米的小正方形展示出来.

二、探究新知

1、推导1立方分米=1000立方厘米

1)猜猜看,1立方分米等于多少立方厘米呢?

你们能应用类似的方法推导出来吗?

要求每个小组将推出来的结果用1立方分米的正方体纸盒表示出来.

学生6人一组,进行探索、推导.教师巡视各组情况并进行指导:让每个学生在1平方分米的纸上画出100个小格,然后贴在棱长1分米的正方体盒块的6个面上.这样,就得到一个1立方分米=1000立方厘米的数学模型。

2)展示推导过程

12名学生上台述说他们的推导过程:正方体棱长1分米,也就是10厘米,体积就是(10×10×10)立方厘米.并将他们做好的模型进行展示。

2)展示推导过程

12名学生上台述说他们的推导过程:正方体棱长1分米,也就是10厘米,体积就是(10×10×10)立方厘米.并将他们做好的模型进行展示.

3)全班归纳总结:教师用课件动态展示将一个棱长1分米的正方体分割成1000个棱长1立方厘米的过程,并在示意图下醒目地写上:1立方分米=1000立方厘米。(或写在黑板上)

3.推导1立方米=1000立方分米

1)提问:“不用操作,你能想出1立方米等于多少立方分米吗?”

2)学生独立思考.可提示:在脑子里想一个棱长是1米的正方体。再将这个正方体分割成棱长是1分米的小正方体,想想可分割多少个?

3)学生先在小组交流自己的想法,然后在全班交流,师生共同归纳出:1立方米=1000立方分米

教师用课件显示出来(或写在黑板上)。

4.总结相邻两个体积单位间的进率。

1)提问:你学过哪些体积单位?请按从高到低的顺序把它排列出来,然后说出每个体积单位的相邻单位。

2)引导学生观察:1立方分米=1000立方厘米

1立方米=1000立方分米

并想一想:相邻两个体积单位之间的进率是多少?想好后在书上填空。

5.构建长度、面积和体积单位的计量系统.

1)让学生说一说,到目前为止,所学的长度、面积和体积单位各有哪些,它们分别是计量物体的什么的?

(长度单位是用来计量物体长度的;面积单位是用来计量物体表面大小的;体积单位是用来计量物体所占空间大小的.)

2)提问:“长度、面积和体积单位,它们相邻两个单位间的进率相同吗?”学生回答后将书上第31页上的表格填完整,集体订正。

三、练习应用

1、完成练一练

引导学生认真审题,独立解答。

集体交流,指名说说换算思路。

2、完成练习四第9题。

学生独立完成表格。

长度单位、面积单位、体积单位有什么联系和区别?这三类单位的进率各有什么特点?

3、完成练习四第10

学生独立完成,集体订正

引导学生说说面积单位换算与体积单位换算的区别。交流

引导学生归纳将高级单位的名数改写成相邻的低级单位的名数的一般方法(师板书):

高级单位的名数×1000=相邻的低级单位的名数

4、完成练习四第1112题。

四、全课总结

引导学生回忆本节课所学主要内容。回忆时可按本节课所学知识的顺序来叙述。

本节课学习了体积单位之间的进率,知道1立方米=1000立方分米,1立方分米=1000立方厘米;会应用体积之间的进率进行体积单位名数的改写。

五、作业

练习四第1314

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