三月话题交流回复

Posted by 沈家华
三月 21st, 2013


      张玉霞老师提出的这个问题非常值得思考。长期以来,在应试教育和旧的教育观念的影响下,数学课堂是以教师的“教”为主,学生只是配合教师完成教学任务;教师讲课追求讲深讲透,一步到位,大搞题海战术,最终导致学生形成的的不是数学思想,而只是解题技巧。新课程提倡以促进学生全面、持续、和谐的发展为基本,培养学生的自主学习能力,让学生主动学习。
      改变学生这种被动学习的地位,恢复学生学习的主动性,将课堂真正还给学生,我认为首先教师在课堂上要少讲、精讲。同时教师要培养学生自主学习的能力,在这方面特级教师钱守旺为一线教师提出了具体的措施:1、创设民主、开放的课堂学习环境,激发学生自主学习的兴趣 ;2、灵活驾驭教材,精心选择教学材料,为学生的自主学习提供素材;3、注重过程教学,鼓励学生参与,提供学生自主学习的时空;4、因材施教,分层教学,为不同的学生提供自主学习的机会;5、注重语言表达,发展思维水平,提高学生自主学习的能力;6、重视回顾与评价,培养反思意识,启迪学生自主学习的方法; 7、重视预习和复习,力求课内外结合,拓宽学生自主学习的渠道。 
      只有学生自主学习的能力提高了,能快速找到学习的焦点,才能提高自主学习的效率,才能从根本上解决“学生应有充足的自主空间”与“课堂教学有限的时间”的矛盾。

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